Kindergarten 4

Pre-Kindergarten (age 4)

Pre-Kindergarten 4 is an exciting and busy time for the students of ASK.

Students are actively engaged in activities and projects that help them explore their world. It is our belief that our Pre-Kindergarten students need to be active participants in their own learning. Our teachers’ role is to guide their students by encouraging their interests and strengths and providing the materials and time for them to explore and develop.

Our classrooms are set up in a way that invites our students to learn and create, read and explore.

The curriculum provided to our Pre-Kindergarten students is woven into the projects and activities of the day, along with writing, listening, reading and counting. Social integration and the development of positive social skills is an integral part of our academic program. Our students learn to share and be supportive of each other while working together collaboratively on projects and classroom activities. They form strong friendships, their classmates and teachers becoming their family during the school hours.

Our students acquire English skills through interaction with their native English speaking teachers, assistants and classmates, along with structured learning time. They have many opportunities to develop physically with regular Physical Education activities and a wonderful play area made up of climbing bars, slides and wide spaces to run and bounce balls. Art and drama is encouraged and skills are developed on a daily basis, our students performing in school programs as well as before smaller audiences.

At ASK we strive to ensure that our students’ first experiences in kindergarten is enjoyable, productive and stress free. We hope it will provide a positive basis for the remainder of their academic lives.

Language Arts

The Language Arts program provides instruction in reading, writing, speaking, listening, viewing, phonics, vocabulary, handwriting and the structure of language. Instruction is carried out in a whole class setting, in small groups and on an individual basis where appropriate. A variety of methods and materials are used to teach basic skills, extend thinking and promote and refine the language development of our students.

A wide range of techniques and methods emphasizing literature are used to teach Language Arts. Commercially produced materials are utilized in conjunction with teacher and student made materials to teach and develop skills appropriate to the age and development of each child.

Students learn, develop and refine their reading, writing, speaking and listening skills through practice with their teacher and via peer support. A literature based approach to teaching exposes students to great works of children’s literature, promoting critical reading, thinking and discussion skills as a love of reading is fostered.


Through our literature based approach to teaching and learning our Kindergarten students are exposed to the written word to develop their literacy and readings skills.

By the end of Pre-Kindergarten it is anticipated that our students will be able to:

  • identify character, setting conflict and solutions
  • match and write upper and lower case letters
  • identify rhyming sounds and words
  • sort and classify pictures and objects into categories
  • retell and organize a familiar story into sequence
  • show interest in books and stories
  • read and write their first name
  • attach meaning and print to pictures
  • recognize letters and their sounds
  • practice writing by copying print


Speaking and Listening

During the school year our students will be encouraged to:

  • express ideas clearly
  • make relevant contributions to group discussions
  • participate in the interpretation of literature through art and music by acting out a story or finger play
  • understand how to take turns in conversational situations

Fine Motor Development

By the end of Pre-Kindergarten it is anticipated that our students will be able to:

  • demonstrate motor skills including cutting, gluing, trading, coloring and folding
  • demonstrate self-help skills including dressing, zipping, buttoning, tying and snapping
  • demonstrate pencil control





In our Mathematics program our students are active individuals who construct, modify and integrate ideas by interacting with materials, the world around them and their peers. Thus, the learning of mathematics becomes an active process whereby our students explore, justify, present, solve, construct, discuss, investigate, describe, develop and predict. These actions require the physical and mental involvement of our students.

Such a curriculum has the following characteristics:

  • students are actively involved in learning Mathematics
  • students are actively involved in problem solving, thinking, reasoning and communicating
  • manipulatives are used to connect conceptual to procedural Understanding

By the end of the school year the following Math concepts will be covered:

  • numbers and number sense
  • numeration – using objects to explore numbers by counting forward and backwards
  • reading numbers
  • ordering numbers to 20
  • estimation – using objects to estimate quantity and measurement patterns
  • relationship and function – using objects to recognize and create repeating and growing patterns and using these patterns to make predictions
  • geometry – identifying basic geometric shapes such as squares and circles and using objects to develop spatial senses such as puzzles and pattern blocks
  • measurements – using objects to explore non-standard measurements
  • statistics and probability – participating in the creation and comparison of group graphs and investigating, sorting and classifying objects by many attributes

Social Studies and Social Development

Social Studies concepts and skills are developed throughout the Elementary school years in an ever-broadening perspective. In Kindergarten 1 emphasis is placed on understanding the role of individuals within the family, school and community.

Map and globe skills are introduced as the student begins to understand how groups of people interrelate and depend on each other. Current events and important national, international holidays and celebrations are discussed.

By the end of Pre-Kindergarten students are expected to be able to:

  • show an individual awareness of self as a member of the family and community
  • name and understand the role of community helpers
  • show awareness of different cultures
  • play and work co-operatively
  • respect themselves, others and the environment
  • share and take turns
  • seek appropriate amounts of adult attention
  • follow classroom rules
  • accept the roles of leaders and followers
  • display self-control
  • accept responsibility for behavior and work
  • make good decisions


The Science program is largely presented as an activity oriented subject and covers all major science areas including biology, life science and physical science. These skills are precursors to the primary grades where students are taught skills in observing, recording information, classifying and predicting.

By the end of the school year students are expected to be able to:

  • demonstrate basic scientific skills in observing, classifying and predicting
  • understand the relationship between earth and the environment
  • demonstrate curiosity and a willingness to explore and experiment
  • recognize and use some common forms of technology

Physical Education

Developing fundamental movement patterns is the primary focus of the kindergarten physical education curriculum. While children at this level vary in maturity across all movement skills, they should demonstrate continuous improvement in movement under very simple conditions. Experiences in physical education help them develop a positive attitude for leading a healthy, active lifestyle

By the end of the school year, students will be expected to:

  • Strike a stationary ball or balloon with the hands, arms, and feet.
  • Toss a ball to oneself, using the underhand throw pattern, and catch it before it bounces twice.
  • Kick a stationary object, using a simple kicking pattern.
  • Clap in time to a simple, rhythmic beat.
  • Identify and describe parts of the body: the head, shoulders, neck, back, chest, waist, hips, arms, elbows, wrists, hands, fingers, legs, knees, ankles, feet, and toes
  • Identify the locomotor skills of walk, jog, run, hop and jump.
  • Identify the feelings that result from participation in physical activity.
  • Participate as a leader and a follower during physical activities.